Homicide Of Meredith Kercher

Meredith Kercher

Meredith Susanna Cara Kercher, recognized to her associates as "Mez", was born on 28 December 1985 in Southwark, London, England, and lived in Coulsdon, South London. She had two older brothers, John and Lyle, and an older sister, Stephanie. Kercher attended the Previous Palace Faculty in Croydon after which the College of Leeds. As a part of the ERASMUS scholar change programme, she went to the College of Perugia to finish her diploma course in European Research. She appeared in a music video for singer Kristian Leontiou's track "Some Say" shortly earlier than her dying. In Perugia, she lived in a flat on the higher flooring of a home at By way of della Pergola 7, sharing with two Italian ladies. Amanda Knox moved in when she got here to review on the College for Foreigners.

Kercher's funeral service was held on 14 December 2007 at Croydon Parish Church, with greater than 300 individuals in attendance. She has since been awarded a posthumous diploma by the College of Leeds.

John Kercher, the sufferer's father, is a contract journalist and her mom Arline Kercher is a housewife, born in India.

Homicide and investigation

Timeline and police investigation

Kercher was murdered on the night of 1 November 2007. The pathologists put her time of dying at round 23:00.

On 1 November, Kercher had spent the early night with some associates, watching the movie The Pocket book and consuming a home-made pizza. Simply earlier than 21:00, she left with a pal to stroll house. The 2 parted firm close to her pal's flat and Kercher walked the 500 yards (460 m) in the direction of the home alone. Round 21:30, Meredith referred to as her mom in England, however at 22:00, her UK cell phone dialed one other quantity solely as soon as, a flawed quantity: her London financial institution with out the worldwide prefix, which was the primary entry in her telephone index. At 22:13, her UK telephone acquired an incoming message, by way of a unique cellular station shared with an adjoining neighborhood, however Meredith by no means answered.

An aged neighbour heard a scream on the night time of the homicide, which she later stated "was so chilling, I felt as if I used to be in a home of horrors". Quickly after, she "heard operating on the metallic staircase after which operating by way of the leaves going within the different course". She concluded that these have been the footsteps of "at the very least two individuals".

At noon on 2 November, at 12:07 Amanda Knox referred to as Kercher's UK telephone, then referred to as housemate Filomena saying the entrance door of the cottage had been left open and there was some blood. She additionally referred to as her mom, though it was round 4am in Seattle. Later, the Italian Submit and Communications Police got here to research the invention of two cell phones in a close-by backyard, one among which was registered to Kercher. They arrived on the home in By way of della Pergola 7, the place Kercher lived, at 12:35. Knox and Sollecito have been standing outdoors and informed them that the premises had been burgled, that a window had been damaged and that there have been drops of blood in a number of rooms. At 12:51 and 12:54, Sollecito made 2 calls to the Carabinieri army police, reporting a attainable housebreaking.

The police investigated the upstairs flat, which they concluded, aside from Kercher's bed room and the close by toilet, had been "completely cleaned with bleach". There was blood in a number of rooms, a bloody footprint within the smaller rest room, an unflushed rest room within the giant toilet, damaged glass within the third bed room, and blood close to Kercher's locked bed room. The decrease left pane of housemate Filomena's bed room window had been smashed, with damaged glass close to a big stone in a bag on the ground, and the room appeared ransacked. The washer was discovered to be on ultimate cycle with Kercher's garments inside, however not the garments she was sporting when attacked. When Filomena returned circa 1 pm, she stated nothing had been taken.

The door to Kercher's room was pressured open. The police discovered Kercher mendacity beneath a cover "soaked in blood", with swimming pools and smears of blood across the room. Others have been advised to not enter, as the world was secured for investigation. The Carabinieri police arrived, and the forensic lab in Rome was contacted to course of the scene. Police stated on the time that Kercher was discovered sporting solely a cotton shirt rolled midway up, they usually concluded her throat had been slit with a shard of glass or a pen-knife. They subsequently concluded, from dried blood-spatter patterns and bra-strap marks, that she had been sporting two cotton-mesh shirts rolled up, above her bra, on the time of the homicide, and that the obvious break-in on the flat had been staged.

An early police concept was that Kercher had met her killer the earlier night time throughout Halloween festivities.

Knox and Sollecito have been interviewed a number of occasions by the police on the day the homicide was found and the next two days. On 5 November 2007, Knox voluntarily accompanied Sollecito to the police station the place he gave a press release, in the middle of which he stated that he didn't know for positive that Knox was with him on the night time of the homicide. The police then determined to query Knox and commenced the interview at 23.00 that night. Knox was interviewed twice through the night time of 56 November, firstly by the judicial police after which, later, within the presence of a prosecutor. Throughout these interviews, Knox made statements implicating Patrick Lumumba, the proprietor of a bar-restaurant named Le Stylish, at which she sometimes labored. She stated that she had accompanied Lumumba to Kercher's home and had been within the kitchen and heard screams whereas Lumumba dedicated the homicide. The contents of those statements was extensively reported within the press on the time. Knox later claimed that each statements have been made beneath duress and that she had been coerced into implicating Lumumba: she stated that she had been struck twice on the again of the top through the questioning and referred to as a "silly liar.". That is denied by the police who've now responded with a defamation cost. The conduct of those interviews stays an space of controversy within the case, with Knox's lawyer, when summing up on the finish of her trial, stating that they lasted a complete of 53 hours, involving a fearfilled and traumatic expertise for Knox.

Knox was formally arrested afterward the morning of 6 November. A while afterwards she made a written word to the police, explaining that she was confused when she made the sooner statements, saying "I am very uncertain of the verity of my statements as a result of they have been made underneath the pressures of stress, shock and excessive exhaustion". Nevertheless, she nonetheless appeared to incriminate Lumumba, saying: "I stand by my statements that I made final night time about occasions that would have taken place in my residence with Patrik [Lumumba], however I need to make very clear that these occasions appear extra unreal to me that what I stated earlier than, that I stayed at Raffaele's home." She went on to say "I see Patrik because the assassin, however the best way the reality feels in my thoughts, there isn't any means for me to have recognized as a result of I do not keep in mind FOR SURE if I used to be at my home that night time."

This written observe was admissible on the trial of Knox and Sollecito. Nevertheless, following a ruling by the Courtroom of Cassazione, the statements made to police in the course of the night time of 56 November weren't: one as a result of she was being interviewed as a witness and the opposite as a result of no lawyer was current. However, the decide (on the Knox trial) dominated that each statements have been admissible in Lumumba's civil case towards Knox, which was being tried in the identical courtroom concurrently the felony trial of Knox and Sollecito.

Lumumba was arrested on 6 November 2007 because of Knox's statements. He was detained for 2 weeks till the arrest of Guede. Initially doubts about his alibi have been reported within the press, however finally he was utterly exonerated.

The upstairs flat

The upstairs flat at By way of della Pergola 7 (in Perugia, Italy). The blue sq. (at proper ) is a nook bathe, within the toilet with no window, the place a number of blood smears have been discovered.

The home at By way of della Pergola 7 was investigated, together with the residence of Sollecito and Guede's former flat. The home was on an open hillside under the town centre, close to a motorway on the sting of city. Kercher shared the upstairs flat with Knox and two long-time Italian pals who rented the flat in August 2007. It was accessed by way of a path on the prime of some steps, to a parking zone, and included a lobby, a kitchen-living room space, two shared loos with sink, rest room and bidet (one had a tub, the opposite, adjoining to Kercher's room, a bathe) and 4 bedrooms. There was a laundry room, with a washer, subsequent to the bigger rest room. The outside balcony prolonged alongside the primary hallway, which opened by way of windowed doorways to the surface, overlooking the city hillside and valley under.

Kercher rented one of many upstairs bedrooms since she had arrived in late August. Amanda Knox rented the remaining room, and coming back from Germany, moved in on 20 September 2007, when she met Kercher.

The home was closed as a criminal offense scene on 2 November 2007, and Knox was unable to retrieve her jacket, garments, PC or different gadgets. After the Knox-Sollecito jury visited in April 2009, the home was launched, remodelled and re-occupied on the finish of 2009.

Forensic investigation

The investigating decide assigned to the case learn the pathology report at a preliminary listening to for the suspects and located that Kercher's carotid artery had not been ruptured within the assault, and that she doubtless died a "comparatively sluggish and agonising demise." The post-mortem outcomes concluded that it took her a number of minutes to die, as she inhaled her personal blood. Her hyoid bone was damaged, her superior thyroid artery had been severed by a stab wound, her lungs crammed with blood inflicting asphyxiation and she or he had suffered bruising to her vagina and perineum.

The physique had been discovered on the ground of Kercher's bed room, mendacity on the again, with head in the direction of the entrance wall and left foot in the direction of the again wall, alongside the doorway. Blood swimming pools, smears, finger streaks, drips, blood spatter and footprints have been present in numerous places within the room.

The forensic pathologist, Dr. Lalli, initially concluded that the sample of bruises, defensive wounds/cuts, and stab wounds couldn't point out whether or not one or a number of attackers had been current. There have been bigger cuts on her proper hand, probably as defensive wounds (with nobody restraining her proper hand), however solely small cuts on her left hand. Each arms have been coated in blood, as if holding her neck after it was stabbed. Dr. Lalli concluded that strangulation was tried earlier than the stab wounds have been made. The massive blood swimming pools on the wardrobe cupboard, with hair formations and strap marks on the ground, have been thought-about proof that the demise occurred outdoors the wardrobe, however that the physique had been additional disrobed and moved close to the mattress, after some blood patterns had set. Her garments weren't piled to the aspect, however quite, positioned individually between the physique and the doorway.

On November 19, 2007 it was reported within the press that Rudy Guede's fingerprint left in Kercher's blood had been matched to a print in Guede's file on the register of overseas residents at Perugia city corridor. Guede left a bloody left hand print on a pillow discovered behind the sufferer's head. The DNA of Rudy Guede was discovered in lots of places within the bed room. His DNA was discovered on and inside Kercher's physique Guede's DNA was additionally discovered on Kercher's shirt and bra (proper aspect and severed strap)and combined with Kercher's blood splatter. Guede's DNA was additionally discovered on Kercher's purse (purse). Guede was an acquaintance of the residents of the bottom flooring of the cottage, a gaggle of four younger Italian male college students, certainly one of whom had been courting Kercher.

Different forensic proof included an evaluation of the metallic clasp of Kercher's bra (retrieved in a second forensic search on 18 December 2007), which revealed small traces of DNA matching Sollecito or three different unidentified individuals, and the DNA testing was disputed (as "contamination") in the course of the trials (see under: DNA disputes about bra clasp).

Chemical evaluation revealed slight footprints in the home, which prosecutors stated matched the footwear of Knox and Sollecito. Each admitted to having been in the home the day after the homicide, and claimed that this was once they stepped within the blood.

Prosecutions

The three convicted individuals are at present being held in separate Italian jails whereas their instances are underneath attraction. The attraction course of is predicted to take a interval of years. Rudy Guede is being held in Viterbo, Amanda Knox in Capanne jail close to Perugia, and Raffaele Sollecito in Terni.

Additional info: Italian Legal Process

Rudy Gud background

Rudy Hermann Guede

Born

26 December 1986 (1986-12-26) (age 23)

Abidjan, Cte d'Ivoire

Conviction(s)

Homicide and sexual assault

Penalty

16 years imprisonment (initially 30, decreased on attraction)

Standing

Conviction underneath Attraction

Rudy Hermann Gud (in English, often 'Guede'), then aged 20, initially from Cte d'Ivoire, was arrested on 20 November 2007 for suspected involvement within the Kercher killing. He was subsequently convicted of homicide and sexual assault and sentenced to 30 years, on 28 October 2008. On attraction, the conviction was confirmed however the sentence was lowered to 16 years.

In the course of the week of the homicide, Guede was staying in a home a couple of blocks from Sollecito. Sollecito's mother and father had bought a flat for him on By way of del Canerino. Nevertheless, Guede knew a backstreet path to the Kercher-Knox home which enabled him to keep away from travelling close to the Sollecito flat.

Guede had come to Perugia on the age of 5 together with his father, Pacome Roger Gud, who labored as a labourer within the 1990s. With no mom to observe him, Rudy was typically taken house by his academics when faculty ended, till his father returned from work. His father left Italy when Guede was 16, and he was informally adopted by the household of a rich native businessman, Paolo Caporali. Caporali said that he had been dissatisfied by Guede's behaviour, describing him as a "large liar", skipping faculty and being reluctant to do any work. Guede performed basketball for the native workforce, which Caporali sponsored. Younger Rudy was a pure and performed basketball for the Perugia youth staff within the 2004-2005 season.

Caporali initially had excessive hopes for Rudy Guede's future, as he appeared to have built-in properly, and spoke fluent Italian with an area Umbrian accent. Rudy even acquired joint Italian nationality, and he sporadically studied accounting and hotelkeeping.

Nevertheless, Rudy spent increasingly more time within the big-city nightlife of Milan. His aunt lived in close by Lecco and Guede typically labored in Milan bars. He returned sometimes to Perugia to mingle with the 36,00Zero-student group.

In 2007, Caporali's household provided Rudy Guede a last job, as a gardener at a household farmhouse mattress and breakfast. But Rudy hardly got here to work, and in August 2007 he was fired. One of many 4 Italian college students who lived within the flat under Kercher and Knox stated that he remembered Rudy Guede as being a "tall, skinny man who all the time wore basketball footwear and saggy trousers". Based on Guede, his nickname was "Byron Scott" after the legendary excessive scorer for the Los Angeles Lakers basketball workforce. Nevertheless, in response to Occasions On-line, Rudy Guede was often known as a small-time drug supplier, a drifter with a previous report of petty crime and drug offenses who, in accordance with some witnesses at trial, harassed ladies and stole from their purses.

On September 27, 2007, a Perugia bartender heard a noise downstairs in his house and located Guede wandering round with a big knife. He recognised Guede from his work in a nightclub. He confronted Guede, who then ran away.

In early October 2007, there had been a break-in at a nursery faculty in Milan. Throughout that housebreaking, a thief stole 2,00Zero euros and a digital digital camera. The varsity's proprietor reported it to her native police station. Three weeks later, on Saturday, October 27 (5 days earlier than the homicide) she arrived on the faculty early within the morning with a locksmith to repair the entrance door. There she was confronted by Rudy Guede standing inside her workplace, indicative of one other break-in, and she or he referred to as the police. The police questioned and searched Guede. The police discovered a laptop computer and cell phone, plus a big knife that the proprietor claimed was stolen from the varsity kitchen.

Within the meantime, on the weekend of October 13, there had been a break-in at a Perugia regulation workplace. In that housebreaking, an upstairs double-pane window twelve ft above the bottom had been smashed with a big rock. The Perugia police have been knowledgeable that the thief stole a pc, printer and different gadgets from the regulation workplace, and that the alarm system had been disabled. The Milan police later discovered the laptop computer pc and a cell phone stolen from the regulation workplace in Guede's possession, however police launched him after fingerprinting and reserving for carrying a hid weapon (16-inch/40-cm kitchen knife) and possession of stolen property.

In Germany, Guede was found driving a practice with no ticket and was apprehended by the police.

Rudy Gud trial and attraction

Rudy Gud elected for a "fast-track" trial which started on 16 October 2008. He was charged with homicide, sexual assault and theft of 300 euros (~US$440), two bank cards and two cell phones.

Guede's account was that he had met Kercher the night time earlier than the homicide at a Halloween get together which she had attended together with her associates. Kercher, he claimed, spent the latter a part of Halloween with him, quite than persevering with on together with her associates. He stated that he and Kercher had scheduled a date for the subsequent night at her residence.

On the night time of the homicide he claimed to have gone to Kercher's house, ready outdoors till she arrived and let him in. He claimed that they talked within the kitchen and she or he then went into her bed room and found that cash had been taken from her room. Guede claimed that he calmed Kercher in order that she didn't telephone her flat-mates or mother and father concerning the lacking cash. He claimed that he turned intimate with the sufferer in her bed room however, feeling sick from a nasty kebab, he left the room to make use of the bathroom.

He stated that he was listening to music on his iPod, may need heard the doorbell ring and did hear Kercher scream. He claimed that he emerged from the toilet to see a person whom he didn't know holding a knife over the sufferer whereas she lay on the ground of her bed room.

Guede claimed that he struggled with the person and that his hand was reduce by a knife. He claimed the person then fled, additionally claimed that the person stated, in good Italian: "He's black. If a black man is discovered, then a black man can be discovered responsible. Let's go". Guede claims to have used tub towels to stem the stream of blood from Kercher's neck and to wipe up blood. He claimed that he then held Kercher as she gave her final utterance: "A-F", which he wrote on the wall in her blood. He claimed that he left Kercher absolutely clothed on the mattress and that, in haste and panic, he touched virtually every thing within the sufferer's room.

With out calling police or an ambulance for Kercher (he defined that there was no cell phone close by and that he was confused ), Guede fled, leaving the entrance door unlocked. He went residence to scrub the sufferer's blood off his physique and clothes. Later, he went out to the Domus and Shamrock nightclubs.

Investigators referred to as Guede's model of occasions "a extremely unbelievable fantasy."

DNA exams point out that Guede had manually or genitally penetrated Kercher earlier than her homicide. His DNA was discovered combined with Kercher's blood on the crime scene, on Kercher's physique, on her bloodstained clothes and on her purse. His palm print in Kercher's blood was discovered close to the physique. DNA exams additionally revealed that he had used toilet-paper discovered within the entrance rest room.

A number of days after the homicide, on listening to information reviews, Guede fled Perugia by practice to Germany. Interpol traced a pc which he utilized in Germany to entry Fb as a way to reply to a message from a Day by day Telegraph journalist. In his message, Guede stated that he was conscious that he was a suspect and needed to clear his identify. On 20 November 2007, the German transport police arrested Guede on a practice close to Mainz, Germany, the place he was caught touring with no ticket. Following his arrest, German officers famous a minimize on his hand.

Guede had initially claimed that he was sporting Adidas footwear on the time of the homicide, however he later said that his footwear have been Nike (which matched the shoe package deal present in his Perugia flat), and people shoe-prints matched the three or four blood shoe-prints discovered inside Kercher's room. He claimed that he had discarded these footwear in a dumpster in Germany, so they might not be examined for damaged glass embedded from the damaged window in Kercher's flat.

Guede's claims about having deliberate a date with Kercher have been dismissed at trial by Decide Paolo Micheli, as a result of Guede had modified the small print of the place he claimed to have met Kercher, and since buddies who had accompanied Kercher for Halloween testified that no assembly between them had taken place. Particulars about Kercher's Halloween actions had been introduced on worldwide information and Web web sites previous to Guede's arrest.

On 28 October 2008, Guede was discovered responsible of the homicide and sexual assault of Kercher and sentenced to 30 years in jail. On 22 December 2009, the Corte d'Appello upheld Guede's convictions however lowered his sentence to 16 years. In line with his lawyer, Guede continues to say that he's harmless and can pursue a second and remaining attraction to the Corte di Cassazione.

The indictment of Knox and Sollecito was additionally determined and issued through the Guede trial. From an in depth evaluation of the very giant quantity and positions of bloodstains within the flat, and the cuts and bruises sustained by Kercher, Decide Micheli concluded that Kercher had been sexually assaulted after which murdered by a number of attackers. He additionally concluded that a number of individuals returned to the crime scene, rearranged the physique and tried to pretend a break-in, a while after the homicide. Decide Micheli concluded that it was suspicious that Sollecito referred to as the Carabinieri army police, saying that a housebreaking had occurred however "nothing had been taken" when different roommates had not but returned to stock their rooms for lacking gadgets. He additionally discovered suspicious Amanda Knox's declare to have taken a bathe in a room which Sollecito described as having a "pool of blood" on the ground (the blood-footprint on the bathmat).

Amanda Knox

Amanda Marie Knox

Born

9 July 1987 (1987-07-09) (age 22)

Seattle, Washington, US

Conviction(s)

Homicide, sexual assault and obstruction of justice

Penalty

26 years imprisonment

Standing

Conviction underneath Attraction

Amanda Marie Knox was, on the time of Kercher's homicide, a 20-year-old College of Washington language scholar from Seattle, Washington. She was in Perugia attending the College for Foreigners for one yr, learning Italian, German and artistic writing. She stayed within the bed room subsequent to Meredith within the Kercher-Knox upstairs flat. Knox had no recognized affiliation with Rudy Guede, having met him solely in passing. Raffaele Sollecito had been the boyfriend of Knox for a number of weeks earlier than the homicide. Sollecito and Guede had by no means met.

Knox's mother and father visited her steadily throughout her pre-trial detention, steadfastly sustaining her innocence.

Knox was arrested on the morning of 6 November 2007. The prosecution towards Knox and Sollecito contended that they have been concerned with Guede within the sexual assault and homicide of Kercher, in an tried intercourse orgy through which Kercher wouldn't cooperate, and that that they had returned to the crime scene to maneuver the physique and stage a break-in. Knox contended that she was not current in the course of the homicide, had no affiliation with Guede, and had no cause to homicide Kercher, whom she considered her pal. Knox's defence claimed that there was no proof putting Knox within the bed room the place the homicide occurred.

Knox's DNA was discovered on two of the knives stored in Sollecito's kitchen drawer for cooking, and a small quantity of Kercher's DNA was discovered on one of many two. At trial, the defence countered that Knox's DNA would usually be on the knife as a result of she used knives for cooking at Sollecito's house. The defence additionally challenged the Kercher DNA pattern as being too small to be dependable. Knox and Sollecito's defence groups additionally asserted that this knife was not the deadly weapon as a result of it didn't match two of the three wounds and examined unfavorable for blood. Nevertheless, a forensic proof professional for the prosecution testified that it was suitable with one of many wounds on Kercher's neck, however that two different wounds may need been inflicted by a special weapon;

There was no forensic proof, similar to DNA, hair, fibre, blood or pores and skin, instantly indicating that Knox had been within the bed room the place Meredith Kercher was sexually assaulted and murdered. The one fingerprints of Amanda Knox discovered within the condo have been constant together with her use of the house as a resident, together with one matched to a glass within the kitchen sink, however Knox's fingerprints weren't present in Kercher's bed room.

Combined samples of Knox's DNA and Kercher's blood have been discovered within the house, together with within the toilet sink and in Filomena Romanelli's room. The defence argued that Knox's DNA must be anticipated to be current there within the odd course of her use of the condominium and toilet as a resident of the cottage.

Knox attracted consideration for her manner throughout police questioning and the trial. For example, she was noticed cartwheeling whereas ready to be questioned by police. Nevertheless, Knox and her household defined this as a yoga sort train meant to scale back pressure in a distressing state of affairs. It was additionally reported that Knox had earlier written a narrative concerning the drugging and rape of a younger lady for a faculty task and posted it on-line. Knox admitted to utilizing marijuana every so often, together with the night on which Kercher's homicide occurred.

On four December 2009, Knox was convicted by the Corte d'Assise of Perugia of all counts besides theft and was sentenced to 26 years in jail.

Knox now has out there to her two ranges of attraction of her conviction in accordance with the principles of Italian Legal Process. The primary attraction is to the Corte d'Appello (Courtroom of Appeals), which can retry the case, together with making findings of reality in a trial de novo. The judgment of the appeals courtroom can then be appealed to the Courtroom of Cassation, which is the Supreme Courtroom of Italy. It's anticipated that the appeals course of will take a interval of years.

Raffaele Sollecito

Raffaele Sollecito

Born

26 March 1984 (1984-03-26) (age 25)

Giovinazzo, Italy

Conviction(s)

Homicide and sexual assault

Penalty

25 years imprisonment

Standing

Conviction beneath Attraction

Raffaele Sollecito, from Giovinazzo, Bari, was 23 years previous and nearing the completion of a level in pc engineering on the College of Perugia on the time of the homicide. He had been the boyfriend of Knox for about two weeks earlier than the time of Kercher's homicide. Sollecito is from an prosperous household, the son of a urologist from Bari. Sollecito didn't know Guede and claimed by no means to have heard of his identify previous to information reviews concerning the homicide.

Sollecito claimed that he was in his flat and spent the night utilizing his pc on the night time of the homicide. Detectives have stated that his alibi isn't substantiated by data of his web service supplier, although a personal detective working for Sollecito disputed this. The defence has argued that the onerous drives of three computer systems belonging to Sollecito and Knox, destroyed by the prosecution's pc professional when he carried out examinations of them, had contained exculpatory proof. Like Knox, Sollecito admits to having smoked marijuana on the day of the homicide.

The prosecution claimed that his shoe-print was present in blood on a mattress linen in Kercher's room, and that his DNA was on a severed bra clasp, however the DNA testing was disputed (as "contamination") in the course of the trials (see under: DNA disputes about bra clasp). The shoe-print additionally matched Guede's Nike shoe-print with the material folded to seem as a narrowed print.

On four December 2009, Raffaele Sollecito was discovered responsible on all counts and sentenced to 25 years in jail. Like Knox, Sollecito will subsequent proceed by way of the 2 degree attraction course of in accordance with the principles of Italian Legal Process.

Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito trial

The trial of Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito started on 16 January 2009, with a lot consideration from the media. In November 2008, that they had been indicted by Decide Paolo Micheli, who had presided over the Guede trial in October 2008. They have been charged with homicide, sexual assault, simulating a criminal offense (housebreaking), carrying a knife, and theft of 300 euros (~US$440), two bank cards and two cell phones.

Personnel concerned

The top prosecutor within the trial was Guiliano Mignini. He had led the interview with Amanda Knox during which she implicated Patrick Lumumba.[citation needed] Mignini was convicted of abuse of workplace and the bugging of journalists in relation to a separate case on 22 January 2010.

The chief decide was Giancarlo Massei. Deputy decide on the trial was Beatrice Cristiani. A panel of eight judges (the 2 skilled judges and 6 lay judges) was assembled to listen to the case and decide the verdicts. Amanda Knox was represented in Italy by attorneys Luciano Ghirga and Carlo Dalla Vedova. Raffaele Sollecito was defended by lawyer Giulia Bongiorno. Investigations had been assisted by personnel from Rome. The forensic biologist Patrizia Stefanoni, who had collected proof on the crime scene, testified in the course of the trial. There have been many different witnesses, together with the opposite two housemates within the Kercher-Knox flat (Romanelli and Mezzetti) and residents of neighbouring properties.

Courtroom occasions

The neutrality of this part is disputed. Please see the dialogue on the speak web page. Please don't take away this message till the dispute is resolved. (February 2010)

In October 2008, properly previous to the beginning of the trial, a decide within the case, Paulo Micheli, gave an interview to an Italian newspaper revealed in Perugia, Messaggero Umbria, indicating that he believed Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito have been current on the homicide of Kercher. However, on 16 January 2009, Knox's and Sollecito's legal professionals started the precise trial earlier than Decide Giancarlo Massei by proclaiming their shoppers' innocence. Hearings have been held almost each two weeks (apart from a summer time break) till four December 2009. Rudy Guede attended the trial, however declined to testify within the trial. Through the first session, decide Giancarlo Massei rejected a request by the Kercher household to carry the trial behind closed doorways. He dominated that the trial can be public, however with closed periods to be selected a case-by-case foundation.

Knox testified for the primary time on 12 June 2009, pleading her innocence. She advised the courtroom that she had been with Sollecito in his condo on the night time of the homicide. Knox testified that she regarded Kercher as her good friend and had no motive to kill her. She additionally testified that in her interrogation by the police and prosecutor she had been intimidated, threatened with incarceration and hit on the top, inflicting her to offer false testimony implicating Patrick Lumumba.

The Corte Suprema di Cassazione had dominated her remarks throughout a part of her preliminary questioning have been inadmissible as a result of no lawyer had been current. They have been, nevertheless, admissible within the concurrent motion towards Knox for falsely accusing Lumumba. Her voluntary handwritten notice, partially retracting her statements was additionally obtainable to the courtroom through the trial.

On 2627 June 2009, 2 Perugia legal professionals and a faculty director testified that Rudy Guede had been caught with a big stolen knife (16-inch, 40-cm) inside a closed Milan faculty on 27 October 2007 (5 days earlier than the homicide) with a laptop computer PC reported stolen 14 October 2007 from a Perugia regulation workplace burgled with a rock breaking an upstairs window. The Perugia police have been notified Guede had the laptop computer, plus a cell phone additionally stolen from the Perugia workplace with the damaged window. Nevertheless, Guede was launched by the Milan police, and never transferred to the Perugia police, as testified by the 2 Perugia legal professionals (attorneys) on the Knox/Sollecito trial listening to on 26 June 2009 and by the varsity director 27 June, who testified cash was additionally lacking from the workplace. Therefore, the studies of Guede holding a lady's watch, a hammer, a stolen knife and stolen property from a previous upstairs-window housebreaking might be confirmed by Milan police, Perugia police, and the two solicitors whose PC, printer and cell phone have been reported stolen on 14 October 2007. One of many solicitors testified that Guede appeared at his doorstep after the housebreaking and claimed that he had purchased each the PC and cell phone at a Milan practice station (200 miles or 320 km away, in far northern Italy).

On four December 2009, Knox was convicted by the Corte d'Assise of Perugia of all counts besides theft and was sentenced to 26 years in jail. Sollecito was discovered responsible of all 5 expenses attributed to him and was sentenced to 25 years in jail. The choice was delivered by the presiding decide at round 11:45 pm native time, following 13 hours of deliberation. The ultimate hours main as much as the decision have been intently coated by American tv stations throughout the nation using "countdown" clocks on their screens.

Numerous controversies

Theories on motive for the homicide

A supply of controversy within the case has been the shortage of motive to elucidate why Knox and Sollecito would need to homicide Kercher. The prosecution's principle on the motive diversified in the course of the course of the investigation and the trial. The preliminary principle centered on a Halloween ritual intercourse orgy killing, then later advanced right into a intercourse recreation turned violent concept. The prosecution later claimed that the killing was motivated by Knox's alleged want for revenge towards a roommate who was too prissy and significant of Knox.

The listening to on the indictment of Knox and Sollecito was held in closed session in October 2008. Following this, Sollecito lawyer Luca Maori described the prosecution's principle on the motive for the homicide as being a part of a "satanic ceremony". Though the prosecution has by no means used the time period "satanic" in open courtroom, it has been extensively reported within the press and linked with the truth that the homicide occurred on the day after Halloween, late on All Saints Day (All Souls Day).

The Italian newspaper Messaggero Umbria, in an article on October 19, 2008, quoted Mignini as follows: "...the three, and particularly Sollecito, have been very vulnerable to 'cultural' influences....That night time was the feast day of the Saints, the Catholic 'inheritor' to the Celtic new yr Samhain, with all of the implications that are targeted on the eve of the feast day, that's the night time between October 31 and November 1."

The Italian newspaper La Nazione wrote on October 20, 2008 that, in accordance with the police concept, "Meredith might have died on the night of October 31st as a result of that night time was favorable for a 'sexual ceremony' in accordance with the traditions of Halloween."

Peter Popham, writing in The Unbiased stated that Prosecutor Mignini "determined just a few days after Kercher died that the homicide was the end result of an orgy by which Knox, Sollecito and one different individual have been concerned". He references Il Tempo newspaper's account of the closed session the place they are saying that Mignini advised the courtroom that the homicide, as premeditated and was as well as a ite celebrated on the event of the night time of Hallowen. A sexual and sacrificial ceremony...Within the intention of the organisers, the ceremony ought to have occurred 24 hours earlier on Hallowen itself ut on account of a dinner on the home of horrors, organised by Meredith and Amanda Italian flatmates, it was postponed for in the future. The presumed assassins contented themselves with the night of 1 November to carry out their do-it-yourself ceremony, when for some hours it might once more be the night time of All Saints.123]

In response to one report of the closed listening to: "Mr Mignini noticed the scene so clearly in his thoughts that he was capable of describe it to the decide intimately: Meredith on her knees earlier than the wardrobe, Rudy holding her motionless, Raffaele greedy one arm, Amanda in entrance of her, pricking her throat teasingly with the knife till the blade in her hand struck residence." "To show it," he informed the decide, "the one factor lacking was a video digital camera within the room."

Press stories additionally said that prosecutor Mignini claimed that police had discovered a hoard of the Japanese anga comics in Sollecito condo. Mignini claimed that many depicted the brutal slaying of bare ampire ladies with blood overlaying furnishings and partitions in his view, the best way detectives discovered Kercher. Mignini theorized that Sollecito and Knox had been influenced by the comedian books to kill Kercher, who had worn a vampire costume on Halloween.

Decide Micheli, who carried out the listening to on the indictment of Knox and Sollecito, dismissed as antasy prosecutor Mignini's claims that the intercourse recreation during which Kercher is alleged to have died was impressed by Satanic rites, Halloween rituals or violent Japanese anga comics about lifeless vampires.

Subsequently, on the graduation of the trial, prosecutor Mignini introduced a concept that the homicide was motivated by a intercourse recreation turned violent. Nevertheless, on the conclusion of the trial, prosecutor Mignini modified the motive to a want on Knox's half to retaliate towards Kercher for being too "prissy" and important of Knox. Mignini informed the jury that he might think about Knox saying to Kercher: "Ah, you have been pretending to be such somewhat saint...Now we're going to present you." A second prosecutor conceded that the motive was not recognized.

Guede's whole fast-track trial and a few elements of the trial of Knox and Sollecito, the place the assault on Kercher was described intimately, have been held as closed periods with out journalists, or the general public, being current, so the complete particulars of the prosecution's theories usually are not within the public area.

The neutrality of this part is disputed. Please see the dialogue on the speak web page. Please don't take away this message till the dispute is resolved. (December 2009)

Claims of police mistreatment

On her fourth day of questioning, Amanda Knox, then a 20-year-old scholar, was questioned at numerous occasions through the night time of 5 and 6 November 2007. Knox testified on 12 June 2009 that she had accompanied Sollecito to the police station for his interview by the police as a result of she didn't need to be alone. Whereas engaged on her schoolwork, she was approached by the police and brought right into a separate room the place cops started questioning her. In line with Knox, she was questioned first by a big group of cops after which by prosecutor Mignini.

Knox testified that in her interrogation by the police she was subjected to a substantial amount of strain and intimidation, was referred to as a "silly liar" and was hit on the top twice. In accordance with Knox, the police informed her that that they had strong proof that she was on the scene of the homicide and that her lack of ability to recollect being there is perhaps as a consequence of a traumatic psychological block interferring together with her reminiscence. Knox claimed that she was pressured, with the specter of 30 years in jail, to recall advised particulars. Based on Knox, that pressuring led her to make sure statements after which later to make her written declaration of 5:45 am on 6 November 2007, nonetheless with no sleep, putting herself on the homicide scene and implicating Patrick Lumumba because the assassin of Kercher. Knox had no lawyer or official interpreter current to help her. She claimed that she had been dissuaded from looking for an lawyer. Since by 5:45 am Knox was a suspect, Italian regulation prohibited her interrogation with out her lawyer current, in order that a part of her interrogation was illegal.

Hours later, Knox retracted a few of her statements. She defined in a written observe that the intimidation she had skilled through the interrogation had brought on her worry and confusion. Knox wrote partially:"With regard to this "confession" that I made final night time, I need to clarify that I am very uncertain of the verity of my statements as a result of they have been made beneath the pressures of stress, shock and excessive exhaustion. Not solely was I advised I might be arrested and put in jail for 30 years, however I used to be additionally hit within the head once I did not keep in mind a reality appropriately. I perceive that the police are beneath lots of stress, so I perceive the remedy I acquired."

A feminine police officer testifying on the trial denied that Knox was pressured, and stated, she had questioned Knox "firmly however politely." She additionally stated that Knox had been given chamomile tea and desserts from a merchandising machine, and later had breakfast within the police station, over the course of the 14-hour interrogation. When describing her interrogation to her household, Knox informed them: "I've by no means been so scared in my life."

The prosecution denied Knox's claims of getting been coerced or intimidated into accusing Lumumba. In January 2010, Knox and her authorized staff have been knowledgeable that on account of her testimony on the trial she can be charged with defamation of the police and face an extra felony trial. If discovered responsible, the penalty is a high quality and/or a jail sentence of between two and 6 years. The prosecutor and/or police are additionally prosecuting, suing or investigating (or have threatened to take action) each of Knox's mother and father and different people or information organizations for making statements the prosecutor or police contemplate defamatory.

DNA disputes about bra clasp

The Rome forensic lab made an evaluation of the metallic clasp of Kercher's severed bra strap (retrieved in a 2nd forensic search on 18 December 2007), which revealed small traces of DNA matching Sollecito or three different unidentified individuals;

The protection argued that the DNA on the metallic clasp, which had been severed from the bra, might have been contaminated when it was moved on the ground, six weeks after the homicide, or within the forensic laboratory in Rome. The decide on the trial of Rudy Guede acknowledged that the DNA pattern was thought-about small, however described the declare of contamination on the laboratory as making "no sense", since there was no materials from which such contamination might have come, and so "the danger would have been the lack of traces discovered there, not the danger of by some means discovering new traces". Nevertheless, the decide didn't handle the difficulty of leftover or transferred DNA from quite a few different Sollecito private gadgets being analyzed within the Rome laboratory, earlier than the clasp was retrieved on 18 December 2007. Additionally, two witnesses testified that, when the physique was discovered, one of many postal-police officers instantly stepped previous Sollecito on the doorway, into the room (with out shoe-covers) to examine for life-signs beneath the quilt (though through the trial, the officer denied such entry), and the bra clasp had been moved about 1m (39 inches) throughout the ground when recovered 47 days later.

Declare of bleaching of the crime scene

The police initially claimed that the flat of Kercher and Knox had been cleaned with bleach, in an try and destroy proof. Nevertheless, blood smears, drops, and blood footprints have been present in a number of rooms of the flat, together with: the doorway space, Filomena's room, Kercher's hallway, Kercher's room, and the close by rest room. Through the Knox-Sollecito trial, a number of witnesses talked concerning the attainable use of bleach. Police discovered two bottles of bleach at Sollecito's condo. Sollecito's former housekeeper testified at trial that she had requested Sollecito to purchase bleach months earlier for common housekeeping functions and that when she stopped working for Sollecito in September 2007, there have been one and a half bottles of bleach at his home.

Cell phone proof

Telephone data of Amanda Knox revealed calls on the day of the killing between her and Patrick Lumumba, her supervisor on the Le Stylish bar, which have been mentioned throughout her police interview as attainable proof of a pre-planned rendezvous. The decide within the Guede trial defined the shortage of calls with Guede by saying Guede's telephone was within the possession of the police days earlier than the homicide.

The dying of Kercher was estimated at roughly 11 p.m. The prosecution famous that Knox and Sollecito turned their telephones off on the night of the homicide at round eight:40 pm. Telephone data confirmed that Sollecito's telephone was off three nights in October, at roughly 7-7:30 pm.

Media protection

The neutrality of this part is disputed. Please see the dialogue on the speak web page. Please don't take away this message till the dispute is resolved. (December 2009)

The case has acquired in depth media protection in Italy, Britain and america, with Knox receiving considerably extra consideration than Sollecito or Guede. Knox has been portrayed in some articles as a femme fatale who took half in killing her pal in a intercourse recreation and alternatively as an harmless younger woman caught up in unjustified courtroom proceedings in another country. Following the crime, Knox's MySpace web site turned the topic of media scrunity.

Simply after the responsible verdict, the New York Occasions reported, "Ms. Knox is usually portrayed as an harmless woman unwittingly caught up within the Kafkesque Italian justice system. However even one among her legal professionals, Carlo Dalla Vedova, stated that he believed the trial was truthful. He added that he isagreed with information media protection that depicted it in any other case."

The Italian press[who?] described Knox's media attraction by saying that she had "the face of an angel - however the eyes of a killer". The BBC spoke of "feverish media protection", describing Knox as "that most-loved of villains - the middle-class monster whose look hides a diabolical soul."

Peter Popham wrote an opinion piece for The Unbiased through which he raised doubts concerning the proof towards Knox and Sollecito and claimed that the prosecution's leaking of particulars concerning the case to the media was meant to prejudice public opinion and "makes miscarriages of justice horribly doubtless". Timothy Egan wrote within the New York Occasions that the Italian media frenzy and tabloid sensationalism towards Knox had tainted public perceptions of her.

Knox's household has claimed that she was convicted due to a wider tradition conflict. Italy's judicial course of was criticised by Knox's supporters. The Knox household engaged the providers of a Seattle-based public relations agency to be able to counter what they perceived as a media bias towards her.

Anne Bremner, spokeswoman for the "Pals of Amanda" help group, criticised the Italian media for its presentation of the case towards Knox. Bremmer said that the "character assasination" directed towards Knox by the Italian media had impaired her probability of acquiring a good trial as a result of the jury had not been sequestered and was uncovered to such sensationalized reporting of the case.

Reactions to the trials and convictions

Quickly after the decision, U.S. Senator Maria Cantwell of the State of Washington launched a press release expressing her considerations:

am saddened by the decision and I've critical questions concerning the Italian justice system and whether or not anti-Americanism tainted this trial. The prosecution didn't current sufficient proof for an neutral jury to conclude past an inexpensive doubt that Ms. Knox was responsible. Italian jurors weren't sequestered and have been allowed to view extremely unfavourable information protection about Ms. Knox. Different flaws within the Italian justice system on show on this case included the tough remedy of Ms. Knox following her arrest; negligent dealing with of proof by investigators; and pending expenses of misconduct towards one of many prosecutors stemming from one other homicide trial."

Cantwell indicated her intention to hunt help from U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton. Secretary Clinton herself has not commented on the case, however a spokesman for the US Division of State said at a press convention on 7 December 2009 that the State Division has adopted this case very intently and can proceed to comply with the case in the course of the attraction course of. He said that the State Division's position is to make sure that any American citizen is handled pretty, in response to native regulation. He added that, on this case, "It's nonetheless within the early days however...we've not acquired any indications essentially that Italian regulation was not adopted". He additionally said "That is an ongoing course of" and "It doesn't imply that we aren't going to have some sort of assertion as the method goes ahead." The State Division has said its intention to carry ongoing discussions concerning the case with Senator Cantwell and to proceed staying in touch with the Knox household to watch the state of affairs in the course of the attraction course of.

One other main public determine within the U.S. commenting on the case is Donald Trump. Trump is a billionare enterprise magnate, proprietor of Trump Towers and Trump Place in Manhatten, and movie star star of the tv present The Apprentice. He is also the proprietor of Trump World Tower, a residential skyscraper throughout the road from the United Nations constructing in Manhatten. Throughout a televised interview on March 1, 2010 Trump said:

"I feel the president ought to become involved. This [verdict] is a miscarriage of justice. I feel the president ought to completely become involved, and I feel individuals ought to boycott Italy. They need to not go to Italy. This isn't an in depth name that she could also be responsible. She's not responsible."

Trump has said on his web site "TrumpUniversity" that he's personally boycotting Italy because of the decision.

Knox, her household and supporters within the U.S. and around the globe keep that she has been unjustly convicted.

John Kercher, Meredith's father, has described the suggestion of anti-American bias through the trial as "ludicrous", saying: "The People appear utterly ignorant to the truth that there was a mass of proof aside from the DNA. I do not blame them as a result of they're going on what they've seen and skim. However it's upsetting for my household".

On 9 December 2009, when visited in jail by Democratic Left Italian Member of Parliament Walter Verini, Knox reportedly said that, though disenchanted by the decision, her "rights have been revered" within the trial and that she nonetheless has had religion in Italian justice.

Throughout a jail go to from a delegation of the Italy-USA Basis, Knox is reported to have stated: am ready and all the time hoping. I don perceive many issues, however I've to simply accept them, issues that for me don all the time appear very reasonable.176]

A lot of the mainstream UK media reported on the responsible verdicts and included quotes from the Kercher and Knox households on their reactions whereas some targeted extra on the Kercher household's response to the decision. Within the days instantly following the decision, they revealed numerous opinion items, primarily specializing in Knox, with some sympathetic towards her and others not. The weekly Perugia courtroom hearings have been suspended, pending a 90-day documentation interval earlier than appeals might be filed, and media curiosity within the case within the UK then quickly dwindled. Media curiosity stays excessive within the U.S..

Civil actions

Kercher's household filed a civil go well with for US$33 million (roughly 20 million or 22 million) towards anybody discovered responsible of the homicide.

Patrick Lumumba, the person Knox initially accused of murdering Kercher, sued Knox for greater than $500,00Zero (roughly 300,00Zero or 330,00Zero) in damages, however the consequence of the civil motion was that the courtroom ordered Knox to pay Lumumba 40,00Zero (roughly $60,00Zero or 36,00Zero) compensation. Lumumba additionally pursued compensation from the Italian authorities for unjust imprisonment and the lack of his enterprise and, in December 2009, a courtroom awarded eight,00Zero (roughly equal to US$12,00Zero or 7,200 as of December 2009) in damages. In February 2010, Lumumba introduced that he can be taking his declare for compensation from the Italian authorities to the European Courtroom of Human Rights.

Detailed forensics

The Italian forensic police (in Italian supply: Servizio di Polizia Scientifica), from Rome (100 miles or 160 km north of Perugia), have been instantly contacted to course of the crime scene on 2 November 2007. Additionally they processed proof seized from different websites. The varied investigations included:

Kercher/Knox home on By way of della Pergola

(the downstairs was additionally searched; see above: The upstairs flat)

1st go to: 23 November 2007 (physique examined 1am three November)

2nd go to: 18 December 2007 (bra clasp re-found underneath Kercher desk)

Sollecito's flat (condominium) on By way of Garibaldi, bought by mother and father

Guede's flat (discovered empty package deal for Nike footwear)

Sollecito's vehicle (discovered no proof of blood or knives)

Lumumba's pub Le Stylish (closed November-December 2007)

Every website was closed for a unique size of time. Intruders broke into the primary crime scene a number of occasions, comparable to in February 2009, once they ransacked the upstairs and left four kitchen knives and candles in numerous rooms.

Detailed timeline

The next is an inventory of occasions that occurred on 12 November 2007, with every occasion documented by a footnote to the supply:

18:00 Amanda Knox leaves Raffaele Sollecito's home (cell phone locator)

18:27 Raffaele Sollecito interacts together with his laptop computer to observe the movie "Amelie" at house.

20:18 Amanda Knox in By way of Ulisse Rocchi receives a textual content message (sms) from supervisor Lumumba telling her to not come to work that night time.

20:30 Amanda Knox travels again to By way of Garibaldi to the condo of Raffaele Sollecito.

20:35 Amanda sends textual content message (sms) reply to Patrick Lumumba

20:35 Knox cell phone is inactive (in prior weeks, Sollecito's is off three occasions at 7-7:30pm)

20:42 Sollecito turns off his cell phone, nonetheless at house in By way of Garibaldi.

21:10 Final use of Raffaele Sollecito's pc (in accordance with prosecution)

20:55 Kercher good friend Sophie arrives house after leaving Kercher strolling alongside road

21:15 Kercher returns to flat after seeing DVD movie with associates (estimated time)

21:30 Kercher calls her mom in UK

22:00 Kercher UK cell phone dials her London financial institution however fallacious prefix code prevents name

22:13 Kercher's UK cell phone receives name (unanswered) via one other cellular station

22:25 Rudy Guede claims he left Meredith dying round this time & went house alongside backstreets

22:30-23:00 Kercher dies round this time (in response to coroner time estimate)

00:10 Kercher's 2 cell phones are left in backyard at By way of Sperandio[citation needed]

02:30 Rudy Guede is seen dancing at "Domus" nightclub (three hours after the demise)

04:00 Rudy Guede is once more seen at "Domus" nightclub

06:02 Sollecito cell phone turned on & receives father's textual content msg (sms) from prior night time

06:04 each Knox/Sollecito cell phones are on now & can obtain calls

10:30 Amanda Knox claims she returns house and finds entrance door open however nobody solutions inside; Knox claims she takes bathe in darkish small rest room (no window)

10:58 Lana B. arrives on the police station with telephone #1 (Vodafone registered to Filomena R.)

10:?? Amanda Knox goes to bigger rest room #2 and notices rest room #2 unflushed

11:38 Postal police hint telephone #1 to Filomena R. who lived at 7 By way of della Pergola

11:50? Amanda Knox brings Sollecito over; Knox/Sollecito each attempt to climb to look in MK window

11:55? Sollecito confused that Knox says rest room #2 is obvious now

11:50 Postal police report that Lana B. & daughter (referred to as) say they have no idea this Filomena

12:00? Postal police are referred to as by Lana's daughter about discovering telephone #2 (UK) in backyard

12:07 Amanda Knox calls Meredith Kercher UK telephone

12:08 Knox calls Romanelli open door/blood

12:11 Amanda calls the Italian telephone that Meredith had borrowed from Filomena

12:11 Amanda calls MK's UK telephone once more

12:12 Filomena calls Amanda.

12:15-30 Filomena R. makes two makes an attempt to phone Kercher

12:20 Filomena calls Amanda (once more)

12:35 2 Postal police declare they arrive outdoors flat, meet Knox/Sollecito who speak of glass/blood

12:46 Postal police station logs receipt of cell phone #2 delivered by neighbor's daughter

12:47 Amanda Knox calls her mom within the US (four:47am Seattle time)

12:50 Sollecito calls his sister within the Carabinieri, a special department of the Italian police

12:51 Sollecito calls "112" Carabinieri (army police) about housebreaking

12:54 Sollecito calls "112" Carabinieri, once more, about housebreaking

12:5x Knox/Sollecito declare they speak to postal police about glass & present bloodspots

12:55 Filomena boyfriend Marco Z. & Luca A. (boyfriend of Paola G.) arrive at flat

12:55 Filomena R. and her pal Paola arrive on the flat (now complete of eight individuals inside)

13:xx An electrical twine plug extends beneath Kercher's bed room door, laying close to a corridor outlet

13:00? Postal police say they lack proof to kick within the door & injury property.

13:10 Postal police, Paola, Filomena, Marco Z., Luca A. & Sollecito collect in corridor at Kercher's door

13:15 Luca A. kicks door (four kicks?) & Italians see into darkish room, however Knox is in kitchen

13:15 Marco Z. yells, "Sangue! Sangue! ...Blood!"

13:15 Filomena R. exclaims "Un Piede! Un Piede!" ("A foot!") seen on flooring beneath quilt.

13:15 Postal police see the horror of all of the blood

13:15 Postal Inspector seen lifting cover masking Kercher's physique (denied in courtroom)

13:16 Postal police inform everybody to go away the flat (to go outdoors). Quickly, the Carabinieri police arrive outdoors the flat.

Particulars of Kercher's room

As the primary crime scene, the bed room of Meredith Kercher was extensively analyzed on 23 November and 18 December 2007.

In Kercher's bed room, the physique had been discovered on the ground, mendacity on the again, with head in the direction of the entrance wall and left foot in the direction of the again wall (alongside the doorway). Blood was discovered on quite a few gadgets within the room, together with:

some white tennis footwear, blue denims and a white severed bra on the ground, a zippered blue shirt, and two towels partially or completely soaked in blood. On the mattress there was a guide with blood on the nook plus two blood patches on the mattress sheet, between a white terrycloth towel with blood smears and a beige lady's purse of imitation leather-based (Italian: una borsa da donna in similpelle). Across the flooring have been patches of blood (some with the imprints of "hair formations") and three floormarks with blood "indicators of concentric circles" (Italian: segni circolari concentrici) thought-about to be a foot path of three bloody shoeprints. Beneath the physique was a white pillow, containing a blood handprint. Dried blood swimming pools have been discovered across the wardrobe case within the outdoors nook of the room, with leather-based boots standing within the blood.

The DNA of Rudy Guede was matched at many places within the bed room. His DNA was matched on and inside Kercher's physique, on her shirt, her bra (left aspect and severed bra clasp), on the zipper of her purse (purse) and combined with Kercher's blood spatter. His partial palm print in Kercher's blood was discovered on a pillow underneath the physique, matched from the 27 October 2007 reserving, when Guede had been fingerprinted and charged with carrying a hid weapon (giant kitchen knife) and the sto

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